International Journal of Current Research and Review
ISSN: 2231-2196 (Print)ISSN: 0975-5241 (Online)
Bootstrap Slider

Indexed and Abstracted in:Scopus, Crossref, CAS Abstracts, Publons, CiteFactor, Open J-Gate, ROAD, Indian Citation Index (ICI), Indian Journals Index (IJINDEX), Internet Archive, IP Indexing, Google Scholar, Scientific Indexing Services, Index Copernicus, Science Central, Revistas Medicas Portuguesas, EBSCO, BOAI, SOROS, NEWJOUR, ResearchGATE, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, DocStoc, PdfCast, getCITED, SkyDrive, Citebase, e-Print, WorldCat (World's largest network of library content and services), Electronic Journals Library by University Library of Regensburg, SciPeople.

Search Articles

Track manuscript

Readers around the world

Full Html

IJCRR - Vol 08 Issue 22, November, 2016

Pages: 01-06

Date of Publication: 30-Nov--0001


Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

PREVALENCE OF OBESITY AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN IN MADURAI

Author: Babitha Rexlin G., Sivakumar E., Rajkumar D., Nagendran M.

Category: Healthcare

Abstract:Aim: The objective is to find the prevalence of obesity among school children aged 6 to 12 years in Madurai and to investigate the factors promoting rise of weight in children.
Methodology: It is a cross sectional observational study. The sample size is 2519 children from 2 rural and 2 urban schools. Height is measured by stadiometer and weight by electronic weighing machine. Body Mass Index is calculated and plotted on the Indian Academy of Pediatrics Body Mass Index chart (IAP-BMI) 2015 for boys and girls. Children are classified as underweight, normal, overweight and obese. Factors causing obesity assessed were age, gender, place of residence, birth weight, preterm/term, socio-economic status, Parents BMI, Environmental factors (physical activity, TV/Video gaming duration, Transport to school, Environmental safety), Food habits and sleep pattern.
Result: The prevalence of obesity and overweight are 9.3% and 16.8% respectively. Obesity has strong association with the place of residence and socio-economic status (p< 0.001). No correlation was noted between age and gender in relation to obesity, but there is an increase in Mean and Standard deviation of BMI as the age increases. Regression analysis identified sedentary lifestyle; unhealthy food patterns like snacking, sleep deprivation and birth weight as risk factors. Protective factors identified were to prefer fruits and vegetables for healthy diet, adequate physical activity like walking to school, outdoor play etc. and visiting restaurants rarely. Parental obesity showed no correlation to the prevalence of obesity in their children.
Conclusion: Prevalence of obesity among school children is 9.3% and overweight is 16.8% in Madurai. Modifiable factors are the commonest causative factor; hence early life style modification is of utmost importance to the native community.

Keywords: Obesity, Overweight, Prevalence, Risk factors, Protective factors

Full Text:

INTRODUCTION

Obesity in children is a complex disorder. Its prevalence is increasing in recent years so as to consider it a major health concern both in the developed and developing world [1], [2], [3]. The ill effects of obesity on health are not fully reversible. So focus on preventing obesity is needed. Since overweight and obesity in adult life are predicated by childhood weight, prevention of obesity should start early in life.

Many factors, including genetics, hormonal influence, in-utero environment, metabolic changes, lifestyle changes, socioeconomic status, nutrition status of parents, sleep pattern and eating habits, are believed to play role in the development of obesity. But, more than 90% of cases are due to modifiable factors and only less than 10% are due to hormonal or genetic changes. Addressing different areas by focusing on behavioral changes and environmental modificationtowards healthier lifestyles will be the primordial treatment to decrease childhood obesity

One of the important target groups is the school-age children, especially the pre adolescents who are old enough to understand and young to be influenced.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The participants were 2519 children from 2 urban and 2 rural schools of Madurai. Children aged between 6 to 12 years are included in the study. The study protocol and procedures are approved by the research ethics committee of Madurai Medical College affiliated to The Tamil Nadu Dr MGR Medical University.

The nutritional status of the child is classified as underweight, normal, overweight and obese was based on IAP-BMI chart 2015. Information collected are regarding age, gender, place of residence (urban or rural), birth weight (Small for gestation (SGA i.e.< 2.5 kg), Appropriate for Gestation (AGA i.e. 2.5 kg to 4.0 kg) or Large for Gestation (LGA i.e. >4.0 kg)), preterm/term, socio-economic status (according to updated modified Kuppusamy’s scale for rural areas and updated modified Prasad’s scale for urban areas), parents BMI, environmental factors (physical activity, TV/Video gaming duration, transport to school, environmental safety), food habits and sleep pattern.

Questionnaire and profoma are distributed to the school children on the day of parents teachers meet and details filled by the author. Age was taken as per the completed years on the school records. Height of the child was measured using a stadiometer. Standing height was measured by making the child to stand against the fixed calibrated rod with the adjustable head rest without footwear, standing erect, looking forward with feet’s together. Weight was measured in kilograms using a standard electronic weighing machine without footwear and with light clothes.

Separate IAP BMI percentile charts were used for girls and boys. After calculating the BMI for every child BMI was plotted on the IAP gender specific percentile chart 2015 and BMI status of the child assessed. Factors influencing obesity was also analyzed.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS:

The data’s were entered in Microsoft Excel 2014 and statistical analysis done using SSPS 18 software. The mean and Standard deviation of Body Mass Index in various age groups and sex are calculated and plotted in a scatter diagram. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is usedto test their significance. Other statistical methods used to analyze were Frequencies, Distributions, Confidence Interval, Chi-square test and Regression analysis. Since the Body Mass Index in boys and girls and urban and rural children has significant differences, data’s were analyzed both as a whole sample and separately for boys and girls. P value < 0.05 is taken statistically significant.

RESULTS

DISCUSSION:

In this cross sectional study on 2519 children, the prevalence of Obesity was 9.3% (n=234) and overweight was 16.8% (n=423). Studies conducted in Amritsar showed 6.3% obesity and 11.9% overweight. Screening study in the nearby Pondicherry state [2] showed a prevalence of 3.8% obesity and 7.8% overweight.The following table reveals the rise in prevalence of obesity and need for prompt intervention.

Table 10 – Studies on prevalence of Obesity in India.

Author

Year

Place

Age

Prevalence of Obesity

Settings

SupreetKaurMD et al[3]

2006

Delhi

5-18 yrs

2.45%

School

Preetam B Mahajan et al[2]

2007

Pondicherry

6-12 yrs

2.12%.

School

Pediatric Oncall Journal[1]

2012

Patiala Punjab

6-15  yrs

7.6%

School

Nora El-Said Badawi et al[5]

2012

Egypt

 6-12 yrs

13.5%

School

Alice T Cherian et al[6]

2012

Kochi, Kerala

6-15  yrs

3.0% - boys 5.3% - Girls

School

Premnath M et al[7]

2010

Mysore

5-16 yrs

3.4 %

School

 

Age distribution and obesity:

In our study BMI increases with age and with no gender variation, but there is no statistical difference in the prevalence of obesity related to increase in age (p value is 0.303). Studies done by Preetam B Mahajan et al[2] in Pondicherry among school children aged 6-12 years, studies in Egypt by Nora-El-Said[5] and Shiji K Jacob in Ernakulum, Kerala[8] also inferred that no increase in obesity noted in school age and obesity increases only during the pubertal age.

Effect of gender on prevalence of Obesity:

In our study prevalence of obesity among boys and girls were 9.7% (n=141) and 8.0% (n=93) respectively. P value was 0.354 and statistically insignificant. This delineate that comparing the obesity status between the genders in the age group of 6 to 12 years, does not show any relationship with obesity. Studies by Cynthia L. Ogden et al [9] in Maryland USA, and Helen et al[10] study also had the same views.

Association of obesity with place of residence.

In this study prevalence of obesity in urban and rural schools were 12% and 4.3% respectively. This result was statistically highly significant with p value <0.001. Parekh Alok et al [11] reported in 2009 obesity to be less in rural school than in urban schools. Similar result was note by Unnithan et al [12] as urban children showing 6.73% and rural children with 2.93% obesity rates in Trivandrum educational district. A study by Preetam B Mahajan et al [2] in the union territory of Pondicherry and by shashidhar et al [13] in south Karnataka also has similar.

Association between sedentary life styles and obesity:

Our study showed significant association between obesity and sedentary health behaviors with p value being < 0.001 and statistically highly significant.Irrespective of the gender and place of residence, obesityhas strong association with sedentary lifestyles. Studies done by Ann Smith et al [14] in Texas and Aggarwal et al [15] in Punjabhave also proved the relation between sedentary lifestyle and obesity.

Sleep deprivation and obesity:

Our study also shows positive correlation between sleep deprivation and obesity (p value was <0.0001) and statistically significant. Studies one on semi-urban south Indian children by Kuriyan R et al [16] and study published in bmj by Philippa J Carter and the Nixon GM, Thompson et al [17] have confirmed this hypothesis. In study by Beccuti et al [18]laboratory evidence have confirmed the association between sleep loss and increased risk of obesity.

Influence of parental obesity on childhood Obesity:

In this study Parental obesity was not found to have any significant association (P value=0.239). Whitaker et al [19] study says parental obesity is not a stronger predictor in older children, but the child’s obesity is the most important predictor of adult life obesity.

Birth weight and child’s obesity:

In our study prevalence of obesity increases as the birth weight increases (p value of 0.021) which is significant. Meta-analysis done by Yu ZB, Han SP et al [20] has inferred same results. Similarly studies by Barry Caerphilly et al[21] concluded with similar results stating that as there is a statistical significant increase in obesity as the birth weight increases.

Logistic Regression Analysis:

This logistic regression analysis has analyzed that children, watching TV and playing video games for more than3 hours and sleeping less than 10 hours are having statistical significant risk of being obese. These variables showed adjusted OR of >1 and p value <0.05 relating the variable to be a risk factor for obesity.Children with preferred foods being vegetables or fruits, long hours of outdoor play and occasional restaurant visits are identified as protective factors with statistical significance. The logistic regression table calculated was with adjusted OR <1 and p value <0.05. This states that these variables are the protective factors noted against obesity.

Strength of the study is BMI analyzed with IAP BMI Chart 2015 for Indian standards as per the recommendations of Indian Academy of Pediatrics, so that under diagnosing obese children in native region is averted.

Limitations of the study include fine detail errors in the sleep pattern, food habits and recollecting the birth weight might be possible because of poor parental recollection and a moderate sample size.

CONCLUSION:

The Prevalence of Obesity among school children in Madurai is 9.3%. Comparing previous studies in Tamil Nadu it is on the rise. Prevalence of overweight among school children is 16.8%. The prevalence of obesity has strong association with the place of residence and socio-economic status. No correlation was noted between age and gender in relation to obesity, but there is an increase in Mean and Standard deviation of BMI as the age increases. Risk factors identified were sedentary lifestyle; unhealthy food patterns, sleep deprivation and birth weight and most of these factors are modifiable. Protective factors identified were to prefer fruits and vegetables for healthy diet, adequate physical activity and outdoor play and visiting restaurants rarely. Parental obesity showed no correlation to the prevalence of obesity in their children.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

1) Screening for obesity among school children is needed on a regular basis, so as to identify and intervene early.

2) Early diagnosis and life style modification has to be started in the childhood to prevent the epidemic of morbid obesity in adult life.

 3) This study adds that prevalence of obesity among school children is 9.3% and overweight is 16.8% in Madurai, and modifiable factors are the commonest causative factor, hence early life style modification is of utmost importance to the native community.

Acknowledgement:

We express our sincere thanks to The Inspector of Matriculation services, Madurai and the Principles of the schools for their support. Authors acknowledge the immense help received from the scholars whose articles are cited and included in references of this manuscript. The authors are also grateful to authors/ editors/ publishers of all those articles, journals and books from where the literature for this article has been reviewed and discussed.

Source of funding: NIL

Conflict of Interest: NIL

      

 

References:

  1. Pediatric Oncall Journal: ISSN - 0973-0958, Advance Search – Obesity Pediatric Oncall Year : November 2012 | Volume : 9 Issue : 11 DOI : 10.7199/ped.oncall.2012.73
  2. Mahajan, Preetam B., et al. "Study of childhood obesity among school children aged 6 to 12 years in union territory of Puducherry." Indian journal of community medicine: official publication of Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine 36.1 (2011): 45.
  3. Kaur, Supreet, et al. "Prevalence of overweight and obesity amongst school children in Delhi, India." Asia Pac J ClinNutr 17.4 (2008): 592-6.
  4. Khadilkar, Vaman, et al. "Revised IAP growth charts for height, weight and body mass index for 5-to 18-year-old Indian children." Indian pediatrics 52.1 (2015): 47-55.
  5. Badawi, Nora El-Said, et al. "Prevalence of overweight and obesity in primary school children in Port Said city." Egyptian Pediatric Association Gazette 61.1 (2013): 31-36.
  6. Cherian, Alice T., Sarah S. Cherian, and SobhanaSubbiah. "Prevalence of obesity and overweight in urban school children in Kerala, India." Indian pediatrics 49.6 (2012): 475-477
  7. Premanath, M., et al. "Mysore childhood obesity study." Indian pediatrics 47.2 (2010): 171-173.
  8. Jacob, Shiji K. "Prevalence of Obesity and Overweight among School Going Children in Rural Areas of Ernakulam District, Kerala State India."
  9. Ogden, Cynthia L., et al. "Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and adolescents, 1999-2010." Jama 307.5 (2012): 483-490.
  10. Sweeting, Helen N. "Gendered dimensions of obesity in childhood and adolescence." Nutrition Journal 7.1 (2008): 1.
  11. Alok, Parekh, Parekh Malay, and VadasmiyaDivyeshkumar. "Prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents of urban and rural area of Surat, Gujarat." National Journal of Medical Research 2.3 (2012): 325-29.
  12. AUnnithan, S Syamakumari. Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity and Underweight among School Going Children in Rural and Urban areas of Thiruvananthapuram Educational District, Kerala State (India). The Internet Journal of Nutrition and Wellness. 2007 Volume 6 Number 2.
  13. Kotian, M. Shashidhar, Ganesh Kumar, and Suphala S. Kotian. "Prevalence and determinants of overweight and obesity among adolescent school children of South Karnataka, India." Indian journal of community medicine: official publication of Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine 35.1 (2010): 176.
  14. Barnes, Ann Smith. "Obesity and sedentary lifestyles: risk for cardiovascular disease in women." Texas Heart Institute Journal 39.2 (2012): 224.
  15. Aggarwal, T., et al. "Prevalence of obesity and overweight in affluent adolescents from Ludhiana, Punjab." Indian pediatrics 45.6 (2008): 500.
  16. Kuriyan, Rebecca, et al. "Television viewing and sleep are associated with overweight among urban and semi-urban South Indian children." Nutr J 6.25 (2007): 1-4.
  17. Nixon GM, Thompson JM, Han DY, Becroft DM, Clark PM, Robinson E, et al. Short sleep duration in middle childhood: risk factors and consequences. Sleep. 2008;31:71–8.
  18. Beccuti, Guglielmo, and SilvanaPannain. "Sleep and obesity." Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care 14.4 (2011): 402.
  19. Whitaker, Robert C., et al. "Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity." New England Journal of Medicine 337.13 (1997): 869-873.
  20. Obes Rev. 2011 Jul;12(7):525-42. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2011.00867.x. Epub 2011 Mar 28. Birth weight and subsequent risk of obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Yu ZB, Han SP, Zhu GZ, Zhu C, Wang XJ, Cao XG, Guo XR [Pub Med]
  21. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: American Society for Clinical Nutrition. Birth weight; postnatal, infant, and childhood growth; and obesity in young adulthood: evidence from the Barry Caerphilly, Anne McCarthy, Rachael Hughes, Kate Tilling, David Davies, George Davey Smith, and Yoav Ben-Shlomo Am J ClinNutr October 2007 vol. 86 no. 4 907-913

Research Incentive Schemes

Awards, Research and Publication incentive Schemes by IJCRR

Best Article Award: 

One article from every issue is selected for the ‘Best Article Award’. Authors of selected ‘Best Article’ are rewarded with a certificate. IJCRR Editorial Board members select one ‘Best Article’ from the published issue based on originality, novelty, social usefulness of the work. The corresponding author of selected ‘Best Article Award’ is communicated and information of award is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Women Researcher Award:

This award is instituted to encourage women researchers to publish her work in IJCRR. Women researcher, who intends to publish her research work in IJCRR as the first author is eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of women researchers based on the originality, novelty, and social contribution of the research work. The corresponding author of the selected manuscript is communicated and information is displayed on IJCRR’s website. Under this award selected women, the author is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.

Emerging Researcher Award:

‘Emerging Researcher Award’ is instituted to encourage student researchers to publish their work in IJCRR. Student researchers, who intend to publish their research or review work in IJCRR as the first author are eligible to apply for this award. Editorial Board members decide on the selection of student researchers for the said award based on originality, novelty, and social applicability of the research work. Under this award selected student researcher is eligible for publication incentives. Drop a mail to editor@ijcrr.com for more details.


Best Article Award

A Study by M. Muthu Uma Maheswari et al. entitled "A Study on C-reactive Protein and Liver Function Tests in Laboratory RT-PCR Positive Covid-19 Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre – A Retrospective Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06 Special issue Modern approaches for diagnosis of COVID-19 and current status of awareness
A Study by Gainneos PD et al. entitled "A Comparative Evaluation of the Levels of Salivary IgA in HIV Affected Children and the Children of the General Population within the Age Group of 9 – 12 Years – A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 05 Special issue on Recent Advances in Dentistry for better Oral Health
A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 06
A Study by Chen YY and Ghazali SRB entitled "Lifetime Trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder Symptoms and Early Adolescence Risk Factors for Poor Physical Health Outcome Among Malaysian Adolescents" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04 Special issue on Current Updates in Plant Biology to Medicine to Healthcare Awareness in Malaysia
A Study by Kumari PM et al. entitled "Study to Evaluate the Adverse Drug Reactions in a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Tamilnadu - A Cross-Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 05
A Study by Anu et al. entitled "Effectiveness of Cytological Scoring Systems for Evaluation of Breast Lesion Cytology with its Histopathological Correlation" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 04
A Study by Sharipov R. Kh. et al. entitled "Interaction of Correction of Lipid Peroxidation Disorders with Oxibral" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 03
A Study by Tarek Elwakil et al. entitled "Led Light Photobiomodulation Effect on Wound Healing Combined with Phenytoin in Mice Model" is awarded Best Article of Vol 13 issue 02
A Study by Mohita Ray et al. entitled "Accuracy of Intra-Operative Frozen Section Consultation of Gastrointestinal Biopsy Samples in Correlation with the Final Histopathological Diagnosis" is awarded Best Article for Vol 13 issue 01
A Study by Badritdinova MN et al. entitled "Peculiarities of a Pain in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease in the Presence of Individual Combines of the Metabolic Syndrome" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 24
A Study by Sindhu Priya E S et al. entitled "Neuroprotective activity of Pyrazolone Derivatives Against Paraquat-induced Oxidative Stress and Locomotor Impairment in Drosophila melanogaster" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 23
A Study by Habiba Suhail et al. entitled "Effect of Majoon Murmakki in Dysmenorrhoea (Usre Tams): A Standard Controlled Clinical Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 22
A Study by Ghaffar UB et al. entitled "Correlation between Height and Foot Length in Saudi Population in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 21
A Study by Leow Jun Xian and Siti Sarah Binti Maidin entitled "Sleep Well: Mobile Application to Address Sleeping Problems" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 20
A Study by Avijit Singh et al. entitled "Comparison of Post Operative Clinical Outcomes Between “Made in India” TTK Chitra Mechanical Heart Valve Versus St Jude Mechanical Heart Valve in Valve Replacement Surgery" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 19
A Study by Sonali Banerjee and Mary Mathews N. entitled "Exploring Quality of Life and Perceived Experiences Among Couples Undergoing Fertility Treatment in Western India: A Mixed Methodology" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 18
A Study by Jabbar Desai et al. entitled "Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Hypertension" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 17
A Study by Juna Byun et al. entitled "Study on Difference in Coronavirus-19 Related Anxiety between Face-to-face and Non-face-to-face Classes among University Students in South Korea" is awarded Best Article for Vol 12 issue 16
A Study by Sudha Ramachandra & Vinay Chavan entitled "Enhanced-Hybrid-Age Layered Population Structure (E-Hybrid-ALPS): A Genetic Algorithm with Adaptive Crossover for Molecular Docking Studies of Drug Discovery Process" is awarded Best article for Vol 12 issue 15
A Study by Varsha M. Shindhe et al. entitled "A Study on Effect of Smokeless Tobacco on Pulmonary Function Tests in Class IV Workers of USM-KLE (Universiti Sains Malaysia-Karnataka Lingayat Education Society) International Medical Programme, Belagavi" is awarded Best article of Vol 12 issue 14, July 2020
A study by Amruta Choudhary et al. entitled "Family Planning Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Among Women of Reproductive Age from Rural Area of Central India" is awarded Best Article for special issue "Modern Therapeutics Applications"
A study by Raunak Das entitled "Study of Cardiovascular Dysfunctions in Interstitial Lung Diseas epatients by Correlating the Levels of Serum NT PRO BNP and Microalbuminuria (Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Dysfunction) with Echocardiographic, Bronchoscopic and HighResolution Computed Tomography Findings of These ILD Patients" is awarded Best Article of Vol 12 issue 13 
A Study by Kannamani Ramasamy et al. entitled "COVID-19 Situation at Chennai City – Forecasting for the Better Pandemic Management" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 12
A Study by Muhammet Lutfi SELCUK and Fatma COLAKOGLU entitled "Distinction of Gray and White Matter for Some Histological Staining Methods in New Zealand Rabbit's Brain" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 11
A Study by Anamul Haq et al. entitled "Etiology of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents – Emphasis Upon Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 10
A Study by Arpita M. et al entitled "Estimation of Reference Interval of Serum Progesterone During Three Trimesters of Normal Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Kolkata" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 09
A Study by Ilona Gracie De Souza & Pavan Kumar G. entitled "Effect of Releasing Myofascial Chain in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome - A Randomized Clinical Trial" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 08
A Study by Virendra Atam et. al. entitled "Clinical Profile and Short - Term Mortality Predictors in Acute Stroke with Emphasis on Stress Hyperglycemia and THRIVE Score : An Observational Study" is awarded best article for  Vol 12 issue 07
A Study by K. Krupashree et. al. entitled "Protective Effects of Picrorhizakurroa Against Fumonisin B1 Induced Hepatotoxicity in Mice" is awarded best article for issue Vol 10 issue 20
A study by Mithun K.P. et al "Larvicidal Activity of Crude Solanum Nigrum Leaf and Berries Extract Against Dengue Vector-Aedesaegypti" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 14 of IJCRR
A study by Asha Menon "Women in Child Care and Early Education: Truly Nontraditional Work" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 13
A study by Deep J. M. "Prevalence of Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization in 7-13 Years Old Children of Biratnagar, Nepal: A Cross Sectional Study" is awarded Best Article for Vol 10 issue 11 of IJCRR
A review by Chitra et al to analyse relation between Obesity and Type 2 diabetes is awarded 'Best Article' for Vol 10 issue 10 by IJCRR. 
A study by Karanpreet et al "Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: A Study on Its Multisystem Involvement" is given Best Paper Award for Vol 10 issue 09
Late to bed everyday? You may die early, get depression
Egg a day tied to lower risk of heart disease
88 Percent Of Delhi Population Has Vitamin D Deficiency: ASSOCHAM Report

List of Awardees

A Study by Alkhansa Mahmoud et al. entitled "mRNA Expression of Somatostatin Receptors (1-5) in MCF7 and MDA-MB231 Breast Cancer Cells" from Vol 13 issue 06 received Emerging Researcher Award


Awardees of COVID-19 Research

Woman Researcher Award

A Study by Neha Garg et al. entitled "Optimization of the Response to nCOVID-19 Pandemic in Pregnant Women – An Urgent Appeal in Indian Scenario" published in Vol 12 issue 09

A Study by Sana Parveen and Shraddha Jain entitled "Pathophysiologic Enigma of COVID-19 Pandemic with Clinical Correlates" published in Vol 12 issue 13

A Study by Rashmi Jain et al. entitled "Current Consensus Review Article on Drugs and Biologics against nCOVID-19 – A Systematic Review" published in Vol 12 issue 09

Emerging Researcher Award

A Study by Madhan Jeyaraman et al. entitled "Vitamin-D: An Immune Shield Against nCOVID-19" published in Vol 12 issue 09

Study by Dheeraj Kumar Chopra et al. entitled "Lipid-Based Solid Dispersions of Azilsartan Medoxomil with Improved Oral Bioavailability: In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation" published in Vol 12 issue 19


RSS feed

Indexed and Abstracted in


Antiplagiarism Policy: IJCRR strongly condemn and discourage practice of plagiarism. All received manuscripts have to pass through "Plagiarism Detection Software" test before forwarding for peer review. We consider "Plagiarism is a crime"

IJCRR Code of Conduct: We at IJCRR voluntarily adopt policies on Code of Conduct, and Code of Ethics given by OASPA and COPE. To know about IJCRRs Code of Conduct, Code of Ethics, Artical Retraction policy, Digital Preservation Policy, and Journals Licence policy click here

Disclaimer: International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal.



Company name

International Journal of Current Research and Review (IJCRR) provides platform for researchers to publish and discuss their original research and review work. IJCRR can not be held responsible for views, opinions and written statements of researchers published in this journal

Contact

148, IMSR Building, Ayurvedic Layout,
        Near NIT Complex, Sakkardara,
        Nagpur-24, Maharashtra State, India

editor@ijcrr.com

editor.ijcrr@gmail.com


Copyright © 2021 IJCRR. Specialized online journals by ubijournal .Website by Ubitech solutions